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History - HSTR 365: History of the Ancient Near East: Primary Sources
For even more information on using, finding, and evaluating primary sources on the web, click here.
To find published primary sources, add the following terms to your keyword searches with the word AND:
letters or correspondence
Egypt AND documents
Lincoln AND oratory
What are Primary Sources?
A primary source is a document or a physical object that was written or created during the time under study by witnesses who experienced the event or condition first-hand.
Primary sources are the raw materials of history and include items such as diaries, speeches, manuscripts, letters, interviews, news film footage, official records, autobiographies. Primary sources can also include creative works (poetry, drama, novels, art) or relics and artifacts (pottery, clothing, buildings, furniture).
From the Israel Museum and Google, digitized scrolls include the Great Isaiah Scroll, War Scroll, Temple Scroll, Community Rule Scroll, and the Commentary on Habakkuk Scroll. The Dead Sea, the scrolls include Hebrew biblical and non-biblical texts dating from about 200-700 BCE.
European primary historical documents that are transcribed, reproduced in facsimile, or translated. They shed light within the respective countries over a broad range of historical happenings (political, economic, social and cultural). The order of documents is chronological wherever possible, and may include video or sound files, maps, databases, and other documentation.
What is a secondary source?
Secondary sources interpret and analyze primary sources and are one or more steps removed from the event that is being reported. Examples include journal articles, which interpret or review previous findings; textbooks, criticisms; encyclopedias; commentaries.
ArtStor is a repository of hundreds of thousands of digital images and related data. Digital collections can be browsed by geographic region or by categories that include art, architecture, fashion, photography, maps, charts, manuscripts, and more. Off-campus login required.