Skip to Main Content

Citation Styles: Home

Academic Support Center

The MSU Billings Academic Support Center (ASC) offers classes in developmental writing and can provide tutoring. All of their tutoring services are offered FREE to enrolled students on a drop-in basis. Online tutoring is also available.

Understanding Citations

What is a citation? A citation....

  • Describes a journal article, book, website, or another type of published item
  • Credits the author for the idea
  • Helps the reader retrieve the item that you are referring to
  • Includes the author's name, title of piece, source (publisher, place of publication, or URL), and date

Citation management is extremely important to the research and writing process. Plagairism can occur very easily and is often unintentional.  Collecting, organizing, and citing the sources used in research helps writers properly credit their sources and avoid taking credit for another person's work. Crediting sources through providing proper citation information helps strengthen a writer's argument and assists others in furthering their research.

There are different styles of citation that can be used when writing your research papers. Check with your instructor if you aren't sure which type you should use. Information is included on this guide for the following styles: APA, MLA, Chicago, and Turabian.


General anatomy of a citation: