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African-American Rights Movements: The Abolitionists
Higginbotham, Evelyn Brooks. “African American Abolitionists.” The American Civil War, Gilder Lehrman Institute of American History, 17 Mar. 2011, itunes.apple.com/us/podcast/african-american-abolitionists/id427022928?i=1000092232606&mt=2.
A collection of over 800 speeches by antebellum blacks and approximately 1,000 editorials from the period. These important documents provide a portrait of black involvement in the anti-slavery movement
Collection of resources about slavery in the U.S. in the 19th century reflecting arguments on both sides of the debate and include first person narratives, legal proceedings and decisions, anti-slavery tracts, religious sermons, and early secondary works.
Was the Underground Railroad truly a nationwide conspiracy with “conductors,” “agents,” and “depots,” or did popular imagination simply construct this figment out of a series of ad hoc, unconnected escapes? Were its principal heroes brave Southern blacks, or sympathetic Northern whites? The answers depend on which historians you believe.
Goodheart, Adam. “The Secret History of the Underground Railroad.” The Atlantic, Atlantic Media Company, 16 Feb. 2015, www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2015/03/the-secret-history-of-the-underground-railroad/384966/.
Gates, Henry Louis. “Who Really Ran the Underground Railroad?” The African Americans, Public Broadcasting Service, 8 Nov. 2013, www.pbs.org/wnet/african-americans-many-rivers-to-cross/history/who-really-ran-the-underground-railroad/.
American bondwoman who escaped from slavery in the South to become a leading abolitionist before the American Civil War. She led hundreds of bondmen to freedom in the North along the route of the Underground Railroad—an elaborate secret network of safe houses organized for that purpose.
African American who was one of the most eminent human rights leaders of the 19th century. His oratorical and literary brilliance thrust him into the forefront of the U.S. abolition movement, and he became the first black citizen to hold high rank in the U.S. government.