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Turabian Citation Style Guide 9th Edition: A. Basic Web Page

This guide will help you cite sources in the Turabian/Chicago Style.

About Citing Websites

For each type of source in this guide, the general form and specific examples will be provided for both the Notes-Bibliography and the Author-Date style options of Turabian.

This information and several of the examples were drawn from A manual for writers of research papers, theses, and dissertations (8th edition). Numbers in parentheses refer to specific pages in the manual.

For further information, please ask your instructor or refer to the Turabian manual.

Basic Web Page

When citing websites, try to include as much basic information as you can in order to identify and locate the source even if the URL changes or becomes obsolete (pp. 197; 260).


When using the Notes-Bibliography style, the website citation information is normally limited to the notes unless it is critical to your argument. If no author information is provided and a formal bibliography entry is desired, list the source under the title of the website or the name of the owner/sponsor (p. 197).


For Author-Date style, a website citation can often be limited to a mention in the text ("As of July 27, 2012, Google's Privacy Policy as been update to include..."). However, if a formal citation is desired, use the examples below (pp. 260-1).

General Format
 Notes-Bibliography Style (p. 197):
      Note Number. Author First Name/Initial Author Last Name, "Title of Article: Subtitle of Article," Title or Owner of the SiteDate of Publication. accessed Date of Access, URL.
      Bibliographic Entry (necessary if citation is critical to your argument or frequently cited in your paper):
      8. Susannah Brooks, "Longtime Library Director Reflects on a Career at the Crossroads," University of Wisconsin-Madison News, September 1, 2011, accessed May 14, 2012,

      Bibliographic Entry (if necessary):
General Format
Author-Date Style (pp. 260-1)
      Parenthetical Citation:
      (Author Last Name Year)
      Reference List Entry:
      Parenthetical Entry:

      (Brooks 2011)

      Reference List Entry:

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