Skip to Main Content

Turabian Citation Style Guide 9th Edition: D. Scriptural References

This guide will help you cite sources in the Turabian/Chicago Style.

About Citing Other Items

For each type of source in this guide, the general form and specific examples will be provided for both the Notes-Bibliography and the Author-Date style options of Turabian.

This information and several of the examples were drawn from A manual for writers of research papers, theses, and dissertations (9th edition). Numbers in parentheses refer to specific pages in the manual.

For further information, please ask your instructor or refer to the Turabian manual.

Scriptural References

When citing the Bible and other sacred religious works, include a footnote, endnote, or parenthetical note and omit including a reference in the bibliography or reference list Use abbreviations for the name of the book, include chapter and verse numbers, and omit page numbers. Use Arabic numbers for chapters and verses and separate them with a colon. See the Manual for information about citing from different versions (pp. 189-90; 253-54).


General Format
Notes-Bibliography Style (p. 190):
      Note Number. Abbreviated Name of Book. Chapter Number: Verse Number.



4. 1 Thess. 4:11, 5:2-5, 5:14.


General Format
Author-Date Style (p. 253-54):
      Parenthetical Citation:
      (Abbreviated Book Title. Chapter Number: Verse Number)


      Parenthetical Entry:

     (1 Thess. 4:11, 5:2-5,5:14)


Learn More