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Turabian Citation Style Guide 8th Edition: E. Secondary Sources

This guide will help you cite sources in the Turabian/Chicago Style.

About Citing Other Items

For each type of source in this guide, the general form and specific examples will be provided for both the Notes-Bibliography and the Author-Date style options of Turabian.

This information and several of the examples were drawn from A manual for writers of research papers, theses, and dissertations (8th edition). Numbers in parentheses refer to specific pages in the manual.

For further information, please ask your instructor or refer to the Turabian manual.

Secondary Sources

Good practice in research is to only use quotations from sources that you have viewed in the original from so that you can verify their accuracy. However, when the original source is unavailable (i.e. unpublished manuscript), researchers may need to include the quotation as it is found in a secondary source. This is done by using the terms "quoted in" and then listing the secondary source information in the citation (pp. 215: 278).
 
General Format
 
 
 Notes-Bibliography Style (p. 215):
 
      Note: 
 
      Note Number. Author First Name/Initial Author Last Name, "Title of Article: Subtitle of Article," JournalTitle: Journal Subtitle Volume Number, Issue Number (Date of Publication): XX-XX, quoted in First Name of Author of Secondary Source Last Name of Author of Secondary Source, Title of Source: Subtile of Source. (Place of Publication: Publisher Name, YEAR), Page Numbers.
 
 
      
      Bibliographic Entry:
 
 
 
Examples
 
 
 
      Note:
 
 
      8. Louis Zukofsky, "Sincerity and Objectification," Poetry 37 (February 1931): 269, quoted in Bonnie Costello, Marianne Moore: Imaginary Possessions (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1981). 78.


      Bibliographic Entry:

     
  
 
General Format
 
 
 
Author-Date Style (p. 278)
 
      Parenthetical Citation:
 
      (Author Last Name Year, XX-XX)
 
 
 
      Reference List Entry:
 
 
 
Examples
 
      Parenthetical Entry:
 

      (Zukofsky 1931, 269)

  
      Reference List Entry:
    
      

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